Tashelhiyt Berber Language Course

Tashelhiyt Berber Language Course (14.00-15.30)

Harry Stroomer (Leiden)

Course description
The course will focus on Tashelhiyt Berber of South Morocco,  with some 10 million speakers the world’s largest Berber language.
Anyone interested in language and culture of Moroccan Berber should be able to follow this course. Knowledge of Moroccan Arabic is recommended.

Learning objectives
- Good knowledge of the grammatical structure of Tashelhiyt Berber
- Knowledge of basic Tashelhiyt Berber vocabulary
- Knowledge of basic cultural phenomena (ahwash, agadir, marriage, agrucultural year, ceremonies, festivals, moussems, etc.)

Available teaching materials
- An outline of Tashelhiyt Berber morphology
- Basic Tashelhiyt Berber vocabulary of 3000 words
- 14 texts with complete word-by-word explanation.

General outline
The following topics will be presented  in the first half of the course:
Introduction
- Afroasiatic languages and Berber languages
- distributionn of today’s Berber languages
- the labels Berber and Amazigh
- the Tashelhiyt speaking area: main “tribes”
- the scripts in which (Tashelhiyt) Berber is/was written
- general remarks on studying foreign  languages: the closed list vs. open list-approach.

Grammar / Morphology
Nouns:
- gender : masculine / feminine
- Etat Libre; Etat d’Annexion
- Plural formations
- common noun derivations
- Adjectives
- Prepositions Long and Short
- Genuine Berber words and Arabic loans

Verbs:
- Time, Aspect, Mode: Aorist – Preterite – Inaccompli
- Verb types, basic types, packets
- Person-marking: subject. object, indirect object
- Aorist:
- seriality
- imperative
- the markers –ad and -rad
- Preterite:
- past
- “present” for stative verbs
- Inaccompli:
- continuity
- inchoative
- intensive
- the markers ar and da
- “Participle” / “Relative”

Basic syntax:
- basic constituent order
- “attraction”: clitic move 

Verbal Derivation:
- S-causatives
- M-medials
- T-passives

Lexicon
- the format and use of Berber dictionaries
- Cognates
- Folketymologies
- Neologisms

We start the analysis of simple Tashelhiyt texts

The following topics are presented in the second half of the course:
Linguistic Analysis and cultural background of
-Tashelhiyt Berber folk tales
-of some famous poems and songs
-Ethnographic texts (house construction, marriage, agriculture)
-Historical texts (e.g. teaching in traditional islamic schools)

Linguistic variety within Tashelhiyt Berber

Linguistic comparison between Tashelhiyt Berber and Middle Atlas Berber