Romance Languages Programme

The Romance Languages Programme will consist of the following courses: From Latin to Romance: Diachronic and synchronic variation in Romance; Introduction to Vulgar Latin; Documenting and describing endangered Romance Languages. In slot 2 Historical Grammar of Latin (from the Indo-European programme) can be followed.

Slot 1: From Latin to Romance: Diachronic and synchronic variation in Romance (9.30-11.00)

Roberta D'Alessandro and Irene Franco (Leiden)

Course description
This course will illustrate the syntactic changes that took place in the transition from Vulgar Latin to the Romance languages. It will address the main syntactic features of Romance languages both in a diachronic and in a synchronic perspective.

General layout
Week 1
1. From Latin to Romance: syntheticity and analiticity
2. Null subjects and subject clitics
3. Subject clitics and rich agreement
4. Agreement
5. Agreement oddities: anti-agreement effects, inflected infinitives, multiple agreement

Week 2
1. Auxiliary selection: from Latin to Romance
2. Auxiliary selection: argument structure vs person
3. Word order in Romance
4. Object clitics and dislocations
5. Definite and indefinite determiners

References
Ledgeway, Adam. 2012. From Latin to Romance
Handouts and papers distrubuted in class

Slot 2: Historical Grammar of Latin (11.30-13.00)

Michael Weiss (Cornell University)

This course offers an introduction to the historical and comparative grammar of Latin. Starting from Proto-Indo-European we will examine the phonological and morphological innovations of Italic and Latin. We will also discuss selected syntactic issues, the position of Latin in the PIE family, and the language ecology of Ancient Italy.

Course Outline
I. The Languages of Ancient Italy; Writing in Ancient Italy
II. Segmental Inventory of Latin; The Consonants from PIE to Latin
III. The Vowels from PIE to Proto-Latin; Prosody
IV. Further Changes to Vowels; Consonant Clusters
V. Nominal Morphology

VI. Derivational Morphology
VII. Verbal Morphology
VIII. Verbal Morphology; Syntax
IX. The Position of Latin in PIE; Latin and the Other Languages of Italy
X. Vulgar Latin and Proto-Romance

Level
The student should be familiar with the methods of historical linguistics and have a working knowledge of the synchronic grammar of Latin.

Requirements
There will be short daily homework assignments and a take-home final exam (for additional ECTS points).

Text
Michael Weiss, Outline of the Historical and Comparative Grammar of Latin , Ann Arbor, Beech Stave Press, 2009. To be ordered at Beech Stave Press.

Slot 3: Introduction to Vulgar Latin (14.00-15.30)

Orsat Ligorio (Leiden)

Course description/requirements
The aim of this course is twofold. During the first week it aims to familiarize the student with phonological, morphological, syntactical and lexical properties of Vulgar Latin whereas during the second week it proceeds to provide a historical overview of the regional diversification of these properties. We will cover the most important elements of both Vulgar Latin and Early Romance historical grammars.

General layout
I - Introduction
II - VLat. Phonology
III - VLat. Morphology
IV - VLat. Syntax
V - VLat. Lexicon
VI - From VLat. to Proto-Ibero-Romance
VII - From VLat. to Proto-Gallo-Romance
VIII - From VLat. to Proto-Italo-Romance
IX - From VLat. to Proto-Romanian, Dalmatian and other minor Romance languages
X - Conclusion.
Each lesson is accompanied by a caput selectum and homework.

Texts we will be working on: Cena Trimalchionis XLVI, XXXIX; Vetus Latina and Vulgata , Ioh. II, 13-25; Mulomedicina Chironis II, 110-111, III 249-250; Peregrinatio Egeriae, I 1-3; Historia Francorum, VIII 31; Lex Salica , IX; Appendix Probi, 1-227; Glossae Aemilianenses, etc. in addition to a number of inscriptions, curse tablets and epitaphs.

Course requires a basic knowledge of Classical Latin.

References
Väänänen, V. 1981 3. Introduction au latin vulgaire. Paris: Klincksieck.
Hand-outs distributed in class

Slot 4: Documenting and describing endangered Romance languages (16.00-17.30)

Roberta D'Alessandro, Orsat Ligorio, Laura Migliori and Giuseppe Torcolacci (Leiden)

In this course you will get to know "less studied" and endangered Romance languages.

General layout
Week 1. Intro to modern Romance languages, with special attention to minor and endangered varieties (e.g. Dalmatian, Corsican, Occitan, Veneto, Sardinian, Catalan, Aromanian, etc.)
Week 2. Description of an unknown language. The class will be carried on with the help of a native speaker of a minor Romance variety (say, an Italian dialect), interviewed by the lecturer and the students in order to obtain a consistent corpus of elicited data.

References to be given in class.