- Slot 1: Old English (9.30-11.00)
- Slot 2&3: Introduction to Comparative Germanic Linguistics (11.30-13.00 & 14.00-15.30) week 1
- Slot 2&3: Historical Development of Dutch (11.30-13.00 & 14.00-15.30) week 2
Marcelle Cole (Leiden)
The course offers an introduction to Old English, with some attention, too, for the various dialects. Grammar and structure will be discussed with the help of original texts. During the course, we will read both prose and poetry.
There will be short daily homework assignments, including a passage for translation.
Bruce Mitchell and Fred C. Robinson, A Guide to Old English, 7th ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007).
Bruce Mitchell and Fred C. Robinson, A Guide to Old English, 8th ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2012).
Introduction to Comparative Germanic Linguistics and Historical Development of Dutch occupy two time slots each and can therefore only be taken as a combination course. Introduction to Comparative Germanic Linguistics will be taught in week 1, followed by Historical Development of Dutch in week 2 in the same slots (2 and 3).
Guus Kroonen (Copenhagen)
Proto-Germanic is the predecessor of the Germanic languages. It was spoken in the area that nowadays encompasses Northern Germany and Southern Scandinavia in the first millennium B.C.E. As a result of several waves of migration, Proto-Germanic started to spread to the South, and became fragmented into several medieval sub-dialects. These dialects formed the foundation for the modern Germanic languages, such as Scandinavian, German, English, Frisian and Dutch.
Proto-Germanic has left no written sources; linguists have had to reconstruct the language by comparison of the oldest Germanic dialects, such as Gothic, Old Norse, Old English, Old Frisian, Old Saxon and Old High German. During the course, the student will receive an introduction to Germanic morphology. The main objective is to learn how to reconstruct Proto-Germanic on the basis of its daughter languages.
The course is aimed at students of Germanic languages who take an interest into the oldest historical period. It is also recommended to students of comparative Indo-European linguistics who wish to enhance their skills in Germanic reconstruction.
Application is open to students who have obtained ECTS with the study of at least one old Germanic language, e.g. Gothic, Old Norse or Old High German. Students who fail to meet this requirement, and still wish to enroll, are required to attend one of the Old Norse, Old Saxon or Old English courses offered at the Leiden Summer School.
Michiel de Vaan (Leiden)
This course will trace the main phonological and morphological developments which lie between West Germanic and Modern Dutch. Questions of geographic and temporal variation will play a prominent role, and we will make ample use of maps. After a restricted survey of the available sources for Old and Middle Dutch, a limited number of topics will be presented and, in some cases, investigated in greater detail in class. The course requires no previous knowledge of Proto-Germanic, but some familiarity with linguistic reconstruction in general will be presupposed.
lecture 1: Dutch texts and glosses, terminology, external history of the Low Countries, Celts, Romans, Franks, Frisians. Main structural features of Modern Dutch dialects, and how old they are or can be.
lecture 2: Palatalization of velars, the allophones of g, h-loss
lecture 3: (The absence of) i-mutation; unrounding of rounded front vowels; unconditioned fronting of back vowels
lecture 4: Raising and lowering of vowels, monophthongs and diphthongs
lecture 5: Old Dutch lenition and fortition, degemination, Open Syllable Lengthening
lecture 6: Syncope and apocope in Old, Middle and Modern Dutch
lecture 7: Deflexion: the loss of cases, the reshuffling of agreement
lecture 8: Verbal endings, the preterite, modal verbs
lecture 9: The role of paradigmatic analogy
lecture 10: Etymologizing Dutch words