C. (Chunli) Song
- PhD student
- Chinese political economy
|Telephone number:||+31 (0)71 527 2171|
|Faculty / Department:||Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Leiden Institute for Area Studies, SAS China|
GEEN VERZENDING, IN- OF EXTERN
China’s reform, South and East Asia study, relationship between government and market, energy economy and security.
Rent Seeking and the Development of the Electricity Power Sector in China
Supervisor: Tak-Wing Ngo (University of Macau)
Rent seeking can be seen as a kind of political economy activity in which political power affects distribution of the resources in market. Since China is not a totally free market and maitains an elaborate administrative approval system, rent seeking is very popular in many fields. Rents can not noly created through monopoly, oligopoly and cartel, but also through governmental regulations and policies. Social actors can strive to compete for the state-sanctioned rents through bribery, market closure, or even altering company status. Rents can be distributed by power holders to whatever they want for their political preferences. So in China, rent seeking is rather a rent utilization to the unique combination of rent production,supply and demand, and to the subsequnet institutionalization of such forms and combination.
My study tries to make use of the case of China’s electricity industry to analyze the modes of rent seeking. China is the second largest country in installed electricity capacity and electricity generation in the world, next only to the United States America. Moreover, the electricity industry has two reaches, the upper reaches such as coal, oil and gas energy industry, the lower reaches such as consumers of the rich and the poor, urban and rural. The former raises the problems of economy and environment, and the latter raises the problems of social equity. The rapid development of the industry is so special and complicated that it can provide a good lence to perceive and explore the practices of rent seeking in China.I hypothesize three factors determine the rent seeking in China’s electricity industry, including responsible institution (central government), local government and state-owned firms. The relationship among the three players forms different modes of rent seeking in China’s electricity industry during different periods.
The rent seeking practices have great impact on China’s electricity industry itself and China’s political and economic system. The impact is a kind of paradox, sustaining the current China’s political and economic system, and undermining the foundation of the system, then transforming it.
Ph.D candidate, the Institute for Area Studies, Leiden Universty
Master of Public Administration (MPA), Tsinghua University, China
Bachelor of Philosophy, Renmin Universty of China
Education Commission of Haidian District, Beijing City, China
Administrative School of Xuanwu District, Beijing City, China
'Providing Education to Migrant Workers’ Children and Reforming China’s Public Management System', in Public Management and Social Development – Proceedings of the 2nd National MPA Forum, China (Shanghai: Fudan University Press, China, 2004).