Bibliography of agriculture and landholding

All the bibliographies and lists are works in progress. Feel free to send suggestions and/or remarks to

1. Agriculture

  • Banaji, J., “Late Antique Legacies and Muslim Economic Expansion”, in Haldon J. ed., Money, power and politics in early Islamic Syria: a review of current debates, Farnham-Burlington, 2010, 165-180.
  • Bonneau D., Le régime administrative de l’eau du Nil dans l’Egypte grecque, romaine et byzantine, Leiden, 1993.
  • Fairchild Ruggles, D., “The countryside: The Roman Agricultural and Hydraulic legacy of the Islamic Mediterranean”, in Jayyushi S., Holod R., Petruccioli A., Raymond A. ed., The City in Islamic World, Leiden, 2008, 795-816.
  • Morelli F., “Nuovi' documenti per la storia dell'irrigazione nell'Egitto bizantino. SB XVI 12377, P.Bad. IV 93, SPP X 295-299, e altri”, ZPE 126 (1999) 195-201. (download here)
  • Müller-Wodarg D., “Die Landwirtschaft Ägyptens in der frühen Abbāsidenzeit 750-969 n. Chr. (132-358 d. H.)”, Der Islam 31 (1954), 174-227; 32 (1957), 14-78; 141-67; 33 (1958), 310-21.
  • Wilfong T.G., “Agricultural among the Christian Population of Early Islamic Egypt: Practice and Theory”, in Bowman A.K., Rogan E. eds., Agriculture in Egypt from Pharaonic to Modern Times, Proceedings of the British Academy 96, Oxford, 1999, 217–35.

2. Landholding

  • Al-Qāḍī W., “The Names of Estates in State Registers before and after the Arabization of the Dīwāns”, in Borrut A., Cobb P., Umayyad legacies, Medieval memories from Syria to Spain, Leiden, 2010, 255-280.

  • Bagnall R. S., “Landholding in Late Roman Egypt: the distribution of wealth”, Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992), 128-49.
  • Duri A.A., “The Origins of ‘Iqta’ in Islam”, Al-Abhath 22 (1969), 3-22.
  • Frantz-Murphy G., “Land Tenure and Social Transformation in Early Islamic Egypt”, in Khalidi T. ed., Land Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East, Beirut, 1984.
  • Frantz-Murphy G., “Land-Tenure in Egypt in the First Five Centuries of Islamic Rule (Seventh-Twelfth Centuries AD)”, in Bowman A.K., Rogan E. eds, Agriculture in Egypt from Pharaonic to Modern Times, Proceedings of the British Academy 96, Oxford, 1999, 237–66.
  • Gascou J., “Les grands domaines, la cité et l’état en Égypte byzantine (Recherches d’histoire agraire, fiscale et administrative)”, Travaux et Mémoires 9 (1985), 1-90.
  • Hardy E.R., The large estates of Byzantine Egypt, New York, 1931.
    Hickey T.M., “Aristocratic landowning and the economy of Byzantine Egypt”, in Bagnall R.E. ed., Egypt in the Byzantine World 450-700, Cambridge, 2007, 288-308.
  • Kennedy H., “Elite income in the Early Islamic State”, in Haldon J., Conrad L.I. eds., The Byzantine and Early Islamic Near-East: Elites old and new, LAEI VI, Princeton, 2004, 13-28.
  • Lecker M., “The Estates of 'Amr b. al-‘Āṣ in Palestine”, BSOAS 52/1 (1989), 24-37.
    Legendre M., “Caliphal estates and state policy over landholding: Late antique patterns and innovations in pre-iqṭā‘ Egypt”, in Authority and control in the countryside, Proceeding of the first conference on Late Antiquity and Early Islam: Continuity and Change in the Mediterranean 6th-10th century, Leiden, forthcoming.
  • Lev Y., State and society in Fatimid Egypt, Leiden, 1991.
  • Lo Cascio E. ed., Terre, proprietari e contadini dell'impero romano, Dall’affitto agrario al colonato tardoantico, Rome, 1997.
  • Morimoto K., “Land tenure in Egypt during the Early Islamic period”, Orient 11 (1975), 109-153.
  • Morony M.G., “Landholding in Seventh-Century Iraq: Late Sassanian and Early Islamic patterns”, in Udovitch A.L. ed., The Islamic Middle-East 700-1900, Princeton, 1981.
  • Richter T.S., “Cultivation of Monastic Estates in Late Antique and Early Islamic Egypt: Some Evidence from Coptic Land Leases and Related Documents”, in Boud’hors A., Clackson J., Louis C. and Sijpesteijn P. eds, Monastic Estates in Late Antique and Early Islamic Egypt: Ostraca, Papyri, and Essays in Memory of Sarah Clackson, Cincinnati, 205–215.
  • Sato T., State and rural society in Medieval Islam, Leiden, 1997.
  • Sijpesteijn P.M., “Landholding Patterns in Early Islamic Egypt”, Journal of Agrarian Change 9/1 (2009), 120– 133.

3. Administrative practices related to agriculture and landholding

  • Al-Qādi W., “Population Census and Land Surveys under the Umayyads (41–132/661–750)”, Der Islam 83 (2006), 341-416.
  • Banaji J., Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour, and Aristocratic Dominance, Oxford, 2001.
    Cooper R.S., Ibn Mammātī’s Rules for the Ministries. Translation with Commentary of the Qawānīn al-Dawāwīn, PhD Dissertation, University of California Berkeley, 1966.
  • Cooper R.S., “Land Classification Terminology and the Assessment of the Kharāj Tax in Medieval Egypt”, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 17 (1974), 91-102.
  • Frantz-Murphy G., The Agrarian Administration of Egypt from the Arabs to the Ottomans, Supplement aux. Annales Islamologiques 9, Cairo, 1986.
  • Frantz-Murphy G., Arabic agricultural leases and tax receipts from Egypt, 148-427 A.H./765-1035 A.D., CPR XXI, Vienne, 2001.
  • Morelli F., “Agri deserti (mawāt), fuggitivi, fisco, una κλήρωσις in più in SPP VIII 1183”, ZPE 129 (2000), 167-78. (download here)
  • Noth A., “Some remarks on the ‘nationalisation' of conquered lands at the time of the Umayyads”, in Khalidi T. ed., Land Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East, Beirut, 1984, 223-228.
    Poliak A.N., “Classification of Lands in the Islamic Law and its Technical Terms,’ The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures 57 (1940), 50-62.
  • Wipszycka E., Les ressources et les activités économiques des églises en Egypte du IVe au VIIIe siècle, Bruxelles, 1972.
  • Wickham C., Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean 400–800, Oxford, 2005, 259-302.

4. Related medieval sources

  • Abū Yūsuf (d. 182/798), Kitāb al-kharāj, ed. M.I. al-Bannā, Cairo 1981 tr. Ben Shemesh, Leiden, 1969.
  • Ibn ‘Ādam al-Qurašī (m. 203/818), Kitāb al-ḫarāğ, ed. H. Mu’nis, Cairo, 1987.
  • Abū ‘Ubayd b. Sallām (d. 224/838), Kitāb al-amwāl, ed. M.Kh. Harrās, Cairo, 1389/1969.
  • Ibn ‘Abd al-Ḥakam (d. 257/871), Futūḥ Miṣr, ed. Ch. Torrey, The History of the Conquests of Egypt, North Africa and Spain, New Haven, 1922.
  • Al-Balādurī, (d. 279/892), Futūḥ al-buldān, ed. M.J. de Goeje, Leiden 1866 (repr. 1992).
  • Al-Ṭabarī (d. 310/923), Tārīḫ al-rusul wa al-mulūk, ed. M.J. de Goeje et al., Leiden 1964-5.
  • Ibn Yūnus (d. 347/958), Tārīḫ Ibn Yūnus al-Miṣrī, éd. ‘A. ‘Abd al-Fattāḥ, Beyrouth, 2000.
  • Al-Kindī (d. 350/969), Kitāb al-wulāt wa kitāb al-quḍāt, ed. R. Guest, The Governors and Judges of Egypt, Leiden 1912.
  • Māwardī (d. 450/1058), Kitāb al-Aḥkām al-sulṭāniyya, ed. M. Enger, Bonn 1853/1909.
  • Ibn Mammātī (d. 606/1209), Kitāb qawānīn al-dawāwīn, ed. A.S. Atiya, Cairo 1943.
  • Ibn Duqmāq (d. 809/1406), al-Intiṣār li wāsiṭat ‘iqd al-amṣār, Cairo, 1893.
  • Al-Qalqašandī, (d. 821/1418), Subḥ al-a‘šā fî ṣinā‘at al-inša’, Cairo, 1914-1922.
  • Al-Maqrīzī (d. 845/1442), al-Mawā‘iẓ wa al-‘i‘tibār fī dikr al-ḫiṭaṭ wa al-Ātār, ed. A.F. Sayyid, London, 2002-2004.
  • Ibn al-Ǧiʿān (d. 884/1480), Tuḥfat al-sanīya bi asmā’ al-bilād al-maṣrīya, ed. B. Moritz, Cairo, 1898.

Last Modified: 06-02-2015